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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 65 No. 6, p. 1680-1687
     
    Received: Jan 16, 2001
    Published: Nov, 2001


    * Corresponding author(s): eick@vt.edu
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doi:10.2136/sssaj2001.1680

Adsorption of Arsenate (V) and Arsenite (III) on Goethite in the Presence and Absence of Dissolved Organic Carbon

  1. M. Grafea,
  2. M. J. Eick *b and
  3. P. R. Grosslc
  1. a Dep. of Plant and Soil Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE 19717
    b Dep. of Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Virginia Tech., Blacksburg, VA 24061
    c Dep. of Plants, Soils, and Biometeorology, College of Agric., Utah State Univ., Logan, UT 84322

Abstract

The environmental fate of arsenic (As) is of utmost importance as the public and political debate continues with the USEPA's recent proposal to tighten the As drinking water standard from 50 to 10 μg L−1 In natural systems, the presence of dissolved organic C (DOC) may compete with As for adsorption sites on mineral surfaces, hence increasing its potential bioavailability. Accordingly, the adsorption of arsenate [As (V)] and arsenite [As (III)] on goethite (α-FeOOH) was investigated in the presence of either a peat humic acid (Hap), a Suwannee River Fulvic Acid (FA) (International Humic Substances Society, St. Paul, MN), or citric acid (CA). Adsorption edges and kinetic experiments were used to examine the effects of equimolar concentrations of organic adsorbates on As adsorption. Adsorption edges were conducted across a pH range of 3 to 11, while the kinetic studies were conducted at pH 6.5 for As (V) and pH 5.0 for As (III). Both Hap and FA decreased As (V) adsorption, while CA had no effect. Humic acid reduced As (V) between pH 6 and 9 by ≈27%. Fulvic acid inhibited As (V) adsorption between pH 3 and 8 by a maximum of 17%. Arsenite adsorption was decreased by all three organic acids between pH 3 and 8 in the order of CA > FA ≈ Hap. The different pH regions in which Hap and FA decreased As (V) adsorption suggest that more than one functional group on these complex organic polymers may be responsible for binding to the α-FeOOH surface. Similarly, the relative surface affinity of the As(III or V) species and that of the competing organic ligand as a function of pH may play a major role in the outcome of As adsorption on α-FeOOH. The results of these experiments suggest that DOC substances are capable of increasing the bioavailability of As in soil and water systems in which the dominant solid phase is a crystalline iron oxide.

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Copyright © 2001. Soil Science SocietyPublished in Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J.65:1680–1687.