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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 63 No. 5, p. 1404-1412
     
    Received: Sept 2, 1998
    Published: Sept, 1999


    * Corresponding author(s): d.e.walling@exeter.ac.uk
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doi:10.2136/sssaj1999.6351404x

Using Fallout Lead-210 Measurements to Estimate Soil Erosion on Cultivated Land

  1. D. E. Walling *a and
  2. Q. Hea
  1.  aDep. of Geography, Univ. of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4RJ, UK

Abstract

Naturally occurring fallout 210Pb is strongly adsorbed by soils and sediments and has been widely used as a tracer to establish the chronology of deposited sediments in various sedimentary environments. This paper reports an attempt to explore the potential for using fallout 210Pb to estimate rates of water-induced soil erosion on cultivated land. Soil cores were collected from both cultivated and undisturbed areas in a small catchment in Devon, UK, and land use practices were shown to be the primary factor controlling the depth distribution of fallout 210Pb. Based on existing knowledge of the behavior of 210Pb in cultivated soils, a mass balance model has been developed that enables longer-term (≈100 yr) rates of erosion and deposition to be estimated from values of unsupported 210Pb inventory for individual sampling points. In order to estimate longer-term soil redistribution rates, the mass balance model was applied to an 8.54-ha cultivated field within the study catchment from which 167 bulk cores had been collected at the intersections of a 20 by 20 m grid. Soil redistribution rates within the field ranged from −5.9 kg m−2 yr−1 (erosion) to 6.4 kg m−2 yr−1 (deposition), and the mean erosion rate for the eroding area was 1.95 kg m−2 yr−1 The pattern of soil redistribution within the study field reflected the influence of topography on sediment mobilization and transport. The results obtained confirm the potential for using fallout 210Pb measurements to estimate rates and patterns of water-induced soil erosion on cultivated land.

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Copyright © 1999. Soil Science SocietySoil Science Society of America