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This article in SSSAJ

  1. Vol. 46 No. 5, p. 970-976
    Received: Mar 23, 1981
    Published: Sept, 1982



Changes in Inorganic and Organic Soil Phosphorus Fractions Induced by Cultivation Practices and by Laboratory Incubations1

  1. M. J. Hedley2,
  2. J. W. B. Stewart and
  3. B. S. Chauhan3,4



Changes in inorganic and organic phosphorus (P) fractions resulting from 65 years of cropping in a wheat-wheat-fallow rotation were studied using a sequential extraction technique. Total P content of the cultivated soil was 29% lower than that of the adjacent permanent pasture; the major loss of P (74% of total P lost) was organic P and residual P. Of the total P lost, 22% was from the extractable organic P forms, whereas 52% originated from stable P.

Incubation studies were used to study seasonal P transformations during simulated fallow with and without residue incorporation and P fertilization. Nine monthly additions of cellulose (765 µg C · g−1 soil) with and without P (9 µg · g−1 soil) significantly altered levels of total extractable organic P and inorganic P in incubated soils. Evidence is provided for microbial activity playing a major role in redistributing P into different forms in the soil.

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